Salse di Nirano Regional Nature Reserve - Emilia-Romagna

Salse di Nirano Regional Nature Reserve - Emilia-Romagna

Type of protected area - Where it is located

Typology: Regional Natural Reserve; established with D.P.G.R. March 29, 1982 n. 178
Emilia Romagna region
Province: Modena

The Salse di Nirano Nature Reserve protects an area of ​​approximately 207 hectares and houses one of the most impressive mud volcanoes in Europe; it is located in the municipality of Fiorano Modenese.

Salse di Nirano Regional Nature Reserve (photo Ulisse Perusin


The Salse di Nirano originate from hydrocarbon deposits, mainly gaseous, in particular methane, in communication with the soil surface through fractures of the reservoir dome: the gas comes out by pushing and dragging upwards the salty groundwater linked to the gaseous deposit. The diluted clays that are brought to the surface settle around the opening forming the typical cones. The central core consists of a large basin, enclosed by an amphitheater of Pliocene badlands, in which numerous mud cones emerge which give the landscape a lunar appearance. In addition to this singular geological phenomenon, the reserve includes strips of forest, cool valleys, bushes, ponds, meadows and vineyards which together make up a significant picture of the landscape of the first hills and offer refuge to animal species mainly related to wooded areas and ravines.
Naturalists and travelers of the past have visited numerous sauces, providing important documentation on their evolution. The sauces of the Modena area are already mentioned by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century AD, who spoke of the clash of two mountains which then returned to move away with great din, flames and smoke

Information for the visit

Municipality of Fiorano Modenese
Piazza Menotti, 1
41042 Fiorano Modenese (MO)
Tel. 0536833111

Video: Salse di Nirano 2018 Bebop 2