Goat breeds: Goat of Aspromonte

Goat breeds: Goat of Aspromonte


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Fact sheet by Dr. Floro De Nardo

Origin and diffusion

It is an autochthonous breed of the homonymous rugged and impervious massif, and in particular of the Greek area of ​​the same, it has spread throughout the territory of the province of Reggio Calabria. This population is attributable to the group of European Mediterranean type goats.
It is present and bred throughout the province of Reggio Calabria, and in particular in the area of ​​Aspromonte, Zomaro and in the Ionian belt of the same province.

Morphological and productive characteristics

There cut it it's average.
There head it is small, light, bigger in the male, with rectilinear front-nasal profile. Hair evenly distributed in the frontal area in males and females, with the presence of a tuft of hair in both sexes at the base of the horns, on the frontal area. Medium eyes, lively and expressive. Provided with horns in both sexes. The horns they are on average developed in females, in the shape of an open lyre. Ears medium in size, with horizontal or erect habit. The tettole or lacinie (generally bilateral) and the beard are generally present in both sexes. Neck medium length, well attached.
The Chest and where they are on average large, the dorsal-lumbar region is rectilinear, the croup is poorly developed and sloping.Breast system well attached to the abdomen with pecorino-type breasts, rarely piriform, with medium-sized nipples.
The Arts they are light in the females, more robust in the menlong, with dark, solid and compact, slate colored nails.
The mantle it is generally red, but there may be subjects with brown, white / black, red / white, brown / red and fenced coat. The different types of cloaks are given particular names.
Pelo long and smooth in females, slightly rougher in males.
Skin soft, fine and elastic, generally of the same color and shade of the coat.
Milk (average production):
- Primipare: 140 liters in 150 days;
- Secondipare: 150 liters in 160 days;
- Multipare: 220 liters in 210 days.

Goats of Aspromonte (photo Floro De Nardo)

Standard of the Capra breed of Aspromonte - Typical characters and directions for improvement

1) Origin of the breed

Autochthonous of the homonymous rugged and impervious massif, and in particular of the Greek area of ​​the same, it has spread throughout the territory of the province of Reggio Calabria. This population is attributable to the group of European Mediterranean type goats.

2) Breeding area

It is present and bred throughout the province of Reggio Calabria, and in particular in the area of ​​Aspromonte, Zomaro and in the Ionian belt of the same province.

3) Consistency

At 1 January 2003 heads n. About 9,000.

4) Type of breeding

Brado, and semi-housed in medium and large farms, widespread in particular in mountainous hilly areas, although it is not excluded in the lowland areas.

5) Description of the breed


a) Outward characters:

Medium size.
Head - Small light, larger in the male, with rectilinear front-nasal profile. Generally the head is provided with horns in both sexes. The horns are on average developed in the females: in the shape of an open lyre, often flat and wide at the base. In males the horns are more developed than in females, long, open lyre-shaped, flat and wide at the base. Medium-sized ears, with horizontal or erect bearing, without curl; with modest percentage of subjects, in both sexes, they have very short ears or hints of ears (minde). The tettole or lacinie and the beard are generally present in both sexes, in particular in the beaks the beard is thicker and longer. The tits are generally bilateral, but subjects with unilateral tits are not excluded.
Neck - Light in females more robust in males, of medium length, well attached.
Trunk - Thorax and abdomen medium wide, the back-lumbar region is rectilinear, the croup is mediocre developed and sloping. The scrotal bag is wide with large and developed nipples. Breast system well attached to the abdomen. Pecorino-type breasts, rarely piriform, with medium-sized nipples.
Limbs - Light in females, more robust in males, long, with dark, solid and compact, slate-colored nails.
Coat and pigmentation - The pigmentation model is attributable to the pheomelanin type (red) with different shades and shades; subjects with pigment patterns of the eumelaninic type (brown), front and rear mantle (white / black, red / white, brown / red) and fenced may also be present. The different types of coats are given particular names such as càpula (Goat with white belt), jèrina or jèràna (spotted of two colors, from the Greek γεραυός) ròmana (goat half white and half black), mùrina (goat that has a white muzzle) , xèdela (black goat with red belly or streaked with white or brown) c'fina (black goat with red spots), ròdina (goat of reddish hair, from the Greek ρόδινος). There are also a series of variously colored cloaks, with red color at the base. These cloaks have the prefix the terms ruso or rice and are: rusofèlina (goat with two-colored coat), rusolàfina (goat with gray and reddish coat, from the Greek μουρινός), risocàpula or rusocàpula (red-striped goat), risocàstina or rusocàstina (goat of a reddish chestnut), risofàvara or rusofàvara (goat of piebald mantle) risojèrina or rusojèrina (goat of white and reddish mantle), resolution or rusolìvina (goat of gray mantle with reddish spots), risomùrina rusomùrina (goat white muzzle), risopetròla or rusopetròla (goat of different colors with reddish spots), risosàgripa or rusosàgripa (black coat goat with white muzzle and red piebald). Long and smooth hair in females, slightly rougher in males. Soft, fine and elastic skin, in the same color and shade of the coat, that is, gray-black in the eumelanin coat areas, pink in the pheomelanin coat areas. Presence in both sexes of a cashmere or kashmir undercoat. The hair is long.

b) Biometric characters:

Biometric charactersAdult malesAdult females
Height at the withers cm7369
Height at the cross cm7168
Trunk length cm7266
Chest width cm2117
Chest height cm3330
Chest depth cm3937
Croup width cm2015
Width of the forehead at the orbits cm1413
Head length cm1918
Ears length cm1314
Ears width cm5.56
Front shin circumference cm108
Chest circumference cm9981
Length tettole cm55
Beard length cm229
Horn length cm5934
Weight kg6443

c) Zoometric indices:

Zoometric indicesAdult malesAdult females
High-longimetric index (I.A.L.)
(Height at the withers / Length of the trunk) x 100
101,38104,54
Corporal Index (I.C.)
(Length of the trunk / Chest circumference) x 100
72,7281,48
Thoracic Index (I.T.)
(Chest Width / Chest Height) x 100
63,6356,66
Chest Height Index (I.A.T.)
(Chest height / Height at the withers) x 100
45,2043,47
Dactyl-Thoracic Index (I.D.T.)
(Anterior shin circumference / Chest circumference) x 100
10,109,87
Anamorphosis Index (I. of A.)
(Chest circumference) 2 / Height at the withers
134,2695,08
Cephalic Index (I.Ce.)
(Width of the forehead to the orbits / Length of the head) x 100
73,6872,22
Thoracic Conformation Index (I.C.T.)
(Chest height / Chest circumference) x 100
33,3337,03
Compactness Index (I.di C.)
(Live weight / Height at the withers) x 100
87,6762,31
Empty Substernal Index (I.V.S.)
(Distance of the sternum from the ground / Height at the withers) x 100
54,7956,52
Relative log length (L.R.T.)
(Length of the trunk / Height at the withers) x 100
98,6395,65

d) Reproductive characters:

Ø Annual fertility (percentage ratio between birthed and covered females) 98%;
Ø Prolificity (percentage ratio between kids born and girls born) 159%;
Ø Annual fertility (percentage ratio between females who give birth and those of reproductive age 148%.
Ø Average age at first birth: 15 months.
e) Productive characteristics:
Ø Milk (medium production):
Primipare: 140 liters in 150 days.
Secondipare: 150 liters in 160 days.
Multipare: 220 liters in 210 days.

Chemical-physical characteristics of milk:

Fat%Protein%Lactose%Dry residueLean dry residue
3,953,574,6314,029,61

6) Address for improvement

Exaltation of milk production and attitude to multiple parts. The presence of a considerable polymorphism at the loci of the caseins as1 and b represents an indispensable means for the improvement of the qualitative characteristics of the milk. Given the strong habit of eating goat meat in the area, particular attention must be paid to improving the characteristics of the carcasses without neglecting possible attention to improving the quality of the undercoat fiber, taking advantage of the peculiar qualities of rusticity and frugality, which allow this goat to cover an important function in the management and enhancement of the mountain breeding area, contributing to the maintenance of pastures, with positive implications in terms of stability of the territory, fire prevention, conservation of the environmental mosaic and biodiversity.

7) Choice of breeders


a) Tolerable defects: coat with different shades, small ears.

b) Defects to be eliminated: squat and coarse head, short hair.

c) Morphological evaluation form:

Evaluation elementsScore
availableminimum for registration
MALES
1) Race characteristics and conformation
2) Development and Mole
5030
5030
TOTAL POINTS10060
FEMALES
1) Race characteristics and conformation
2) Development and Mole
3) Attitude characteristics
2010
3020
5030
TOTAL POINTS10060

d) Minimums required for the admission of subjects to the Registry.

Goat population of Aspromonte must:
- achieve the minimum score for each evaluation element, referred to in the morphological evaluation form reported in number 7 / c;
- achieve the following minimum productions, at least in an officially controlled reference lactation:primiparae 120 liters in 150 days -secondiparous 130 liters in 160 days -multiparous 180 liters in 210 days


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