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Origin, classification and history
Origin: Czech Republic.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.
The Pražský krysařík (Prague Ratter in English) is a small companion dog originally from the Czech Republic.
The Prazsky krysarik is probably the oldest breed in the Czech Republic.
The name Ratter (Ratlik) derives from the German word "die Ratte" which means rat. This is because in ancient times it was used to catch mice (Rattus rattus), which caused serious damage in the barns. Even today some of these dogs have but the ability to hunt mice.
The first written document mentioning this breed is a chronicle of Eginhard, also known as Einhart (770-840). In his chronicle Einhart describes the gift of a Prague Ratter dog of a certain Czech prince Lech to the emperor Charles I the Great as a gesture of goodwill and, probably, also as part of a tribute of peace. Other citations are found in documents from the 11th century and later centuries.
Small smooth-haired dog, well proportioned, compact body, almost square. Despite its small size, it has excellent agility and endurance.
Tender, cuddly, very curious. A tireless runner, agile and fast. He loves his master and his family. Wary and reserved towards strangers. Suitable for any family who appreciates its natural elegance and noble and sweet character.
Prague Ratter: black and tan female (photo http://pragueratterclub.com)
(Ex pearl moravy 1 of Jenc - author. With CC BY-SA 3.0 license via Wikimedia Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ex_perla_moravy_1.jpg#/media/File:Ex_perla_moravy_1.jpg)
Prague Ratter: male back and tan (photo www.prazsky-krysarik.cz)
- males and females 20-28 cm at the withers
- males and females 2.6 kg
Black with tan markings, brown with tan markings, deer red with its different shades up to recessive yellow, including merle. The tan markings are intense red, preferably dark red, well delimited. They are distributed as follows: above the eyes, on the cheeks, on the lips, on the jaw, on the throat, on the metacarpus, on the feet, on the inner side of the hind limbs and in the perianal area. On the chest two triangles well distinct from each other. Colors other than tan black genetically differentiate besides the basic color of the coat, also the truffle, the skin, the eyes, and the tan markings. For each type of coloring, the most intense is always the preferable.