Chestnut

Chestnut


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When and how much to water

The chestnut is a plant species of European origin. The Italian woods are particularly rich in these trees which can reach considerable heights (up to 25 meters). In fact, the best climatic conditions for cultivation are those of the Mediterranean areas. The chestnut can easily withstand low temperatures as well as high temperatures, as long as they do not last too long. Precisely by virtue of this climatic adaptation, it is not necessary to intervene with regular irrigation in adult specimens. However, in periods of greater heat and drought it is good to support the plant with irrigation, at least until the rainy autumn season arrives. Young specimens, on the other hand, need regular irrigation every three weeks.


How to grow and care for it

The consistent size of the chestnut makes its cultivation in the garden almost difficult. However, this does not mean that this tree can also be grown in flower beds. When growing in a pot, fairly tall and resistant structures are chosen, approximately 150 cm, as these plants are predisposed to assume large dimensions. As for pruning, the chestnut does not need a very invasive intervention. In the first four years of life, only dry branches and damaged structures must be cut, which could compromise the health of the plant. After the fourth year, action is taken simply by thinning the foliage and eliminating the parts that hinder the filtration of the sun which must affect all the surfaces of the shrub.


When and how much to fertilize

Fertilization is one of the fundamental phases of the chestnut cultivation process, which certainly affects the growth of this plant. The first thing necessary to do is an analysis of the composition of the soil in which to cultivate, to evaluate its acidity, pH and all the other main chemical-physical characteristics that could interfere with good cultivation. During the preparation of the soil, this is enriched with organic compound. This will be the nourishment of the plant for the first few years to follow. Furthermore, it is good practice to fertilize with controlled quantities of natural fertilizer (the so-called animal manure) every other year. However, it is also possible to perform fertilization through the use of chemical fertilizers, even if this practice finds greater use exclusively in plantations of chestnut trees only.


Chestnut: Possible diseases

Like all trees, the chestnut is also subject to attack by parasites and pathogens that can seriously affect the health and integrity of the shrub. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to intervene during pruning with instruments (both tools and operator's gloves) carefully washed and sterilized. It is also important to keep the base of the trunk properly clean, as this could be a source of parasitic contamination. In addition, it is necessary to use specific substances to facilitate healing at the level of the pruning cut to prevent pathogens from infiltrating. Among the most characterized types of chestnut tree disease, it is certainly worth mentioning the one called cancer of the bark that arises following the attack of pathogens that manage to infiltrate pruning wounds.


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