Breeds of dogs: Austrian Pinscher

Breeds of dogs: Austrian Pinscher

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Austria.
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

LAustrian Pinscher (Osterreichischer Pinscher) is heavier than its German cousin. It developed as a human auxiliary on farms, where it was used to store livestock and property. In reality, the origins of this breed are not known. It is believed that it is closely connected to the "German Pinscher", for the various morphological and character similarities, and also for a proximity to the place of origin. Some paintings from the eighteenth century show a dog almost identical to today's breed. A real systematic breeding of the breed occurred since 1921 by Dr. Emil Hauck. The selection was so successful that on 16 October 1928 the Austrian dog company officially recognized the breed. A year later, in 1929, the International Federation awarded the breed international recognition with the original name of "Osterreichischer Kurzhaarpinscher". From 1960 to 1970 the breed declined, until reaching very few specimens registered per year. Later the breed recovered, and the F.C.I. I change the name to "Osterreichischer Pinscher". The breed is currently recognized by OPEN and F.C.I ..

General aspect

Medium-small size dog. It is a vigorous breed. It has a pear-shaped head. Its muzzle is full and relatively short. The elbows are reasonably close to the body and the limbs are quite muscular and solid. Its construction is very well proportioned and of fair relationships. It is a fairly long-lived breed, it can reach up to 12-14 years of age.


Elegant and light dog. It has highly developed sensory organs. He has a good intelligence and a strong aptitude for learning. His perseverance is one of the fundamental elements of his temperament. It has good disease resistance. It is a breed with qualities that make it an excellent, albeit small, watchdog. But he is not only a good caretaker, in fact he also has a pleasant character and, given his small size, he is suitable for living in an apartment. He is an excellent companion for the whole family. It is a breed quite resistant to climate and low temperatures. It is a breed that requires neither great attention nor continuous grooming.

Austrian Pinscher (photo

Austrian Pinscher (photo

Austrian Pinscher (photo


Height: it varies from 35 to 50 cm, more frequently about 40 cm.
Weight: varies from 12 to 18 kg.

Trunk: short back and loins, broad and well muscled. Long, very deep, wide, tonneau-shaped chest. Rounded and well down bib. Chest muscles tight. Seen from the front, the bib must be wide.
Head and muzzle: pyriform head, with highly developed zygomatic arches and broad skull. Temporal muscles and powerful masseters, very marked stop, strong but short muzzle, not too pointed but not even wide or obtuse. Lips closed, smooth, well stretched on the jaws.
Truffle: large, depigmented. Black in yellow and black coat subjects, dark brown in fawn subjects.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number. The pincer closure of the incisors is frequent, but the scissor bite is preferable. The angle closure constitutes a defect, as well as the lower or upper prognathism or an irregular implantation of the teeth.
Neck: short or medium length, powerful. Atlas of good width.
Ears: "V" -shaped or rose-shaped, the latter very rare. Seeds falling or straight.
Eyes: rounded eyelid opening, large and full eye, dark iris.
Skin: close-fitting on all parts of the body.
Limbs: front with very oblique arm. Forearm of medium length and straight. Elbows not open or closed. Solid carpus, short metacarpus, placed slightly diagonally. Compact feet with well arched toes and strong nails. Hindquarters with pronounced joint angles. The leg is moderately long with a broad and strong hock. Short metatarsals. The whole rear end is muscular.
Musculature: rather well developed, especially in the hind limbs.
Tail: attached high, carried rolled up, more frequently on the back. The "hunting course" form is frequent. Short, coarse and thick. It can sometimes be shortened, cut short.
Hair: short, straight, with undercoat, reminiscent of that of a "smooth-haired Fox Terrier".
Allowed colors: yellow, fawn, brown-yellow, red, black-brown equally in equal stripes, almost always with large white spots. Speckled, completely white or tan black subjects are not desirable.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, narrow skull, elongated neck, slightly accentuated hock, frail and poorly muscled dog, non-standard sizes, colors not allowed, defective rear end, incorrect movement, shy character, too long hair, shallow chest, metacarpal long, lack of teeth, deviated jaw, tail with low attachment, angled closure, lips not stretched.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Austrian Pinschers at the World Dog Show